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Is the Holocaust Fading From Memory?
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 17, 2018 3:08 am    Post subject: Genocide Reply with quote

I note that there is no mention of the United States. And yet they are responsible for the genocide of the Indians who were America's first inhabitants.

The Australian white people did much the same to the aborigines... They didn't even consider them human... These genocides have been going on since humans first walked the earth and will most likely continue to do so unfortunately....
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PostPosted: Thu Apr 19, 2018 2:39 pm    Post subject: Anti-Semitism Reply with quote

I never did understand anti-Semitism against Jews... All those people are white against white... Like in the religious wars (Catholics against Protestants).

Anti-Semitism against Arabs has a slightly different focus, there's a difference in skin colour/tone. Not to mention the Terrorism aspect of today's Islamism.

I'm less "sensitive" to the Holocaust than our European members here, who lived part of it, or in an era very close to it. But for myself, I always was puzzled because at first sight I couldn't tell a Jew from a Gentile. Of course, I find the Nazis' behaviour beyond redemption - all the horrors and atrocities - But I also remember Biafra (blacks agains black) and the Khmer Rouge regime and the ongoing genocide in Myanmar (Asian against Asian).

I do agree with Anémone that the scope of the Holocaust far surpasses any other genocide. But I also agree with Vixen that our outrage and "devoir de mémoire" shouldn't be selective.
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PostPosted: Thu Apr 19, 2018 3:15 pm    Post subject: "Never forget", "Never again" Reply with quote

That's utopic. Time passes, and memories fade, it's unavoidable. Atrocities like massacres - The St. Bartholomew Massacre, the Terror during the French Revolution, the gulags, Pol Pot, the "re-education camps" in Vietnam, all that has become ancient history. The way we're going, the Holocaust will go the same way, unfortunately. But one can't wallow in guilt all the time. Forty years ago, Jean Ferrat sang that "I'd write this song with a Twist (at the time the Twist was the fashionable dance) rhythm if I had to, so that children will know about the Holocaust" - How many people nowadays even know this song?

Soon there will be no Holocaust survivor to interview and to remind us. All that will be left are books, museums, memorials, monuments, what's left of the extermination camps. How many young among the "Millenials" will read the books and visit the sites? Pale sigh
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PostPosted: Fri Apr 20, 2018 1:41 pm    Post subject: Anne Frank Who? Reply with quote

Anne Frank Who? Museums Combat Ignorance About the Holocaust
Nina Siegal

Sara J. Bloomfield, the director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, said that more than 500,000 students visit annually, but “attracting and sustaining their attention is an increasing challenge.” The museum has increased its emphasis on personal stories and ideas — in addition to facts and events — in hopes of drawing in young people.

Technology was important too, given its popularity with young people, “but it must be effective in generating engagement and learning,” Ms. Bloomfield said.

“The effort to be relevant,” she added, “can lead to the trivialization of history.”

For some experts, a worrisome trend is that museums focused on the Holocaust have shifted away from emphasizing historical details and moved toward a “memorial culture,” in the words of the Yale University historian Timothy Snyder, a leading American scholar on World War II and the Holocaust.

“Most people of good will today would think, of course we should remember the Holocaust,” said Mr. Snyder, the author of the new book “On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons From the Twentieth Century.” “But the level of historical knowledge among people about the Holocaust is not very high. Remembering becomes a kind of circle — where you’re remembering to remember, but you don’t remember what you’re supposed to be remembering.”

Museums that preserve and present the truth are also fighting revisionists and Holocaust deniers who are increasingly vocal on the internet, and who are confusing the public, at a time when firsthand accounts of the Holocaust are fading.

As the generation of survivors disappears, museums dealing with Holocaust-related issues are seeking a new narrative, said Emile Schrijver, general director of the Amsterdam Jewish Cultural Quarter, which includes the Jewish Museum and the new Dutch National Holocaust Museum. “The strength of a lot of the information that we provide has always come from the people who experienced it.”

At the same time, the United States has seen a spike in attacks on Jewish cemeteries, Nazi swastikas sprayed on walls at schools and more than 150 bomb threats across the country at Jewish community centers, schools and synagogues, according to the Anti-Defamation League, whose offices have also been targeted.

In Europe, attacks on Jewish schools and a kosher grocery store in France are examples of a trend on the rise for a decade that has included anti-Semitic incidents in Germany, Britain and other countries. A European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights report from 2016 concluded that 76 percent of Jewish people surveyed “believe that anti-Semitism has increased in the country where they live during the past five years.”

“What schools need, and what anyone who wants to learn about the topic needs, are institutions that provide information on a trustworthy level,” Mr. Schrijver said.

Léontine Meijer-van Mensch, program director of the Jewish Museum Berlin, which is devoted to the broad scope of Jewish history, including the Holocaust, said that a 2016 visitor survey found that people “want to know, or they want to know more about the Holocaust.”

That museum plans to open an 18 million euro (about $19.2 million) redesign of its permanent exhibition in 2019. It will begin with a better overview of the Nazi rise to power in Germany and give more attention to the “inner Jewish perspective” of German Jews trying to cope with National Socialism.

“I’d like to be a relevant institution that also takes a stand,” she said.

For the Anne Frank House, the challenges are both historical and practical: How to accommodate and engage tourists who may be frustrated with the increasingly long lines to explore the museum, with its tiny, cramped canal-house attic.

Early this month, the museum announced that it would expand the educational facilities and visitor entrance by 20 percent, redesign the entry halls and enhance exhibitions to provide more historical context. The project will cost around 10 million euros (about $10.7 million) and unfold during the next two years while the museum remains open.

Phase 1 of the redesign began this month, when curators installed an introduction video at the start of the museum tour. It underscores the basics, explaining that Frank was born in Germany and her family fled to Amsterdam when she was 4 after the election of the National Socialist Party.

“Germany became an anti-Semitic dictatorship in which opponents feared for their lives and Jews were systematically persecuted,” the narrator explains in the video. “The Nazi leader was Adolf Hitler.”

In the next exhibition room, a new display explores anti-Jewish measures that Nazi occupiers instituted in Amsterdam in 1941, rendering persecution in greater depth than before. For instance, a panel of photographs traces Frank’s school years here: She attended a public Montessori school until 1941, when the occupiers required all Jewish pupils to enroll in Jewish-only schools.

During the redesign’s second phase, the museum will present a more substantial prologue to Frank’s story, with historical information about the years 1923 to 1940, describing her life — and European history — before she went into hiding.

“Anne Frank became a kind of poster girl for hope and inspiration, when in fact her story was very, very tragic,” said Tom Brink, head of publications and presentations at the Anne Frank House, who is overseeing the redesign of the exhibitions. “We want to balance the story a bit more, so that we have more information about the context and the times, while still keeping it a very personal experience.”

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PostPosted: Mon May 07, 2018 1:18 pm    Post subject: Auschwitz Museum Hit by Wave of Anti-Semitic Attacks Reply with quote

Auschwitz Museum Hit by Wave of Anti-Semitic Attacks

Officials at Poland’s Auschwitz-Birkenau museum say they have suffered anti-Semitic attacks by Polish nationalists after the passing of a controversial Holocaust speech law last year, The Guardian reports. The law, which bans any suggestion of Polish complicity in Nazi atrocities, has reportedly sparked a tide of “hate, fake news, and manipulations” against the museum, with nationalists accusing the staff of minimizing the suffering of 74,000 Polish prisoners by focusing on Jewish victims. The home of one Italian guide was reportedly vandalized with the Star of David equated to a Nazi swastika, while another museum guide was badgered on camera by a politician convicted of anti-Semitism and his supporters. Staff say they have also become the target of an online smear campaign, with the museum director, Piotr Cywiński, facing “dozens of articles on dodgy websites, hundreds of Twitter accounts, thousands of similar tweets, profanities, memes, threats, slanders, denunciations.” Paweł Sawicki, who is in charge of the museum’s social-media operations, told The Guardian: “The collateral damage of the dispute is that Auschwitz became a target.”

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